Rosary CD and musings

dictionary definitions of words



American Heritage Dictionary
 Pronunciation Key (kŏn'təm-plāt')  
v.   con·tem·plat·ed, con·tem·plat·ing, con·tem·plates
  1. To look at attentively and thoughtfully.
  2. To consider carefully and at length; meditate on or ponder: contemplated the problem from all sides; contemplated the mystery of God.
  3. To have in mind as an intention or possibility: contemplate marriage; forced by the accident to contemplate retirement.  To ponder; meditate.

[Latin contemplārī, contemplāt- : com-, intensive pref.; see com- + templum, space for observing auguries; see tem- in Indo-European roots.]



indulgence Pronunciation (ĭn-dŭl'jəns).  

[Origin: 1325–75; ME < L indulgentia. See indulge, -encecache]

3. sufferance, forbearance, allowance. Unabridged (v 1.1)
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2006.
American Heritage Dictionary

            Positive meanings:

    1. The act or an instance of indulging; gratification: indulgence of every whim.
    2. The state of being indulgent.
    3. The act of indulging in something: indulgence in responsible behavior.
    4. Something indulged in: Sports cars are an expensive indulgence.
    5. Something granted as a favor or privilege.
    6. Permission to extend the time of payment or performance.
    7. Patient attention: I beg your indulgence for just a few minutes.

     Negative or neutral meanings:

    1. The act of indulging in something: indulgence in irresponsible behavior.
    2. Something indulged in: Sports cars are an expensive indulgence.
    3. Something granted as a favor or privilege.
    4. Permission to extend the time of payment or performance.
    5. Patient attention: I beg your indulgence for just a few minutes.
  3. Liberal or lenient treatment; tolerance: treated their grandchildren with fond indulgence.
  4. Self-indulgence: a life of wealth and indulgence.
    1. Something granted as a favor or privilege.
    2. Permission to extend the time of payment or performance.
    3. Patient attention: I beg your indulgence for just a few minutes.

    Roman Catholic Church Theological meaning:

  6.  The remission of temporal punishment still due for a sin that has been sacramentaly absolved.

tr.v.   in·dul·genced, in·dul·genc·ing, in·dul·genc·es






grace Unabridged (v 1.1)
[greys] , verb, graced, grac·ing.
1. elegance or beauty of form, manner, motion, or action.
2. a pleasing or attractive quality or endowment.
3. favor or good will.
4. a manifestation of favor, esp. by a superior: It was only through the dean's grace that I wasn't expelled from school.
5. mercy; clemency; pardon: an act of grace.
6. favor shown in granting a delay or temporary immunity.
7. an allowance of time after a debt or bill has become payable granted to the debtor before suit can be brought against him or her or a penalty applied: The life insurance premium is due today, but we have 31 days' grace before the policy lapses. Compare grace period.
8. Theology.
a. the freely given, unmerited favor and love of God.
b. the influence or spirit of God operating in humans to regenerate or strengthen them.
c. a virtue or excellence of divine origin: the Christian graces.
d. Also called state of grace. the condition of being in God's favor or one of the elect.
9. moral strength: the grace to perform a duty.
10. a short prayer before or after a meal, in which a blessing is asked and thanks are given.
11. (usually initial capital lettercache) a formal title used in addressing or mentioning a duke, duchess, or archbishop, and formerly also a sovereign (usually prec. by your, his, etc.).
12. Graces, Classical Mythology. the goddesses of beauty, daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, worshiped in Greece as the Charities and in Rome as the Gratiae.
13. Music. grace note.
–verb (used with object)
14. to lend or add grace to; adorn: Many fine paintings graced the rooms of the house.
15. to favor or honor: to grace an occasion with one's presence.
16. fall from grace,
a. Theology. to relapse into sin or disfavor.
b. to lose favor; be discredited: He fell from grace when the boss found out he had lied.
17. have the grace to, to be so kind as to: Would you have the grace to help, please?
18. in someone's good (or bad) graces, regarded with favor (or disfavor) by someone: It is a wonder that I have managed to stay in her good graces this long.
19. with bad grace, reluctantly; grudgingly: He apologized, but did so with bad grace. Also, with a bad grace.
20. with good grace, willingly; ungrudgingly: She took on the extra work with good grace.

[Origin: 1125–75; ME < OF < L grātia favor, kindness, esteem, deriv. of grātus pleasingcache]



creation Unabridged (v 1.1) [kree-ey-shuhcachen]
1. the act of producing or causing to exist; the act of creating; engendering.
2. the fact of being created.
3. something that is or has been created.
4. the Creation, the original bringing into existence of the universe by God.
5. the world; universe.
6. creatures collectively.
7. an original product of the mind, esp. an imaginative artistic work: the creations of a poetic genius.
8. a specially designed dress, hat, or other article of women's clothing, usually distinguished by imaginative or unique styling: the newest Paris creations.

[Origin: 1350–1400; ME creacioun < L creātiōn- (s. of creātiō). See create, -ioncache]



communication Unabridged (v 1.1) [kuh-myoo-ni-key-shuhcachen]
1. the act or process of communicating; fact of being communicated.
2. the imparting or interchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or signs.
3. something imparted, interchanged, or transmitted.
4. a document or message imparting news, views, information, etc.
5. passage, or an opportunity or means of passage, between places.
6. communications,
a. means of sending messages, orders, etc., including telephone, telegraph, radio, and television.
b. routes and transportation for moving troops and supplies from a base to an area of operations.
7. Biology.
a. activity by one organism that changes or has the potential to change the behavior of other organisms.
b. transfer of information from one cell or molecule to another, as by chemical or electrical signals.

[Origin: 1375–1425; ME communicacioun < MF < L commūnicātiōn- (s. of commūnicātiō), equiv. to commūnicāt(us)



conversation Unabridged (v 1.1) [kon-ver-sey-shuhcachen]
1. informal interchange of thoughts, information, etc., by spoken words; oral communication between persons; talk; colloquy.
2. an instance of this.
3. association or social intercourse; intimate acquaintance.
4. criminal conversation.
5. the ability to talk socially with others: She writes well but has no conversation.
6. Obsolete.
a. behavior or manner of living.
b. close familiarity; intimate acquaintance, as from constant use or study.

[Origin: 1300–50; ME conversacio(u)n < L conversātiōn- (s. of conversātiō) society, intercourse, equiv. to conversāt(us) ptp. of conversārī to associate with (see converse1) + -iōn- -ioncache]



TYPE pronunciation [tahyp] Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. a number of things or persons sharing a particular characteristic, or set of characteristics, that causes them to be regarded as a group, more or less precisely defined or designated; class; category: a criminal of the most vicious type.
2. a thing or person regarded as a member of a class or category; kind; sort (usually fol. by of): This is some type of mushroom.
3. Informal. a person, regarded as reflecting or typifying a certain line of work, environment, etc.: a couple of civil service types.
4. a thing or person that represents perfectly or in the best way a class or category; model: the very type of a headmaster.

[Origin: 1425–75; late Middle English: symbol, figure < Latin typus bas-relief, ground plan < Greek týpos blow, impressioncache]

ARCHETYPE pronunciation (ahr-ki-tahyp) Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.
2. (in Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches.

[Origin: 1595–1605; < Latin archetypum an original < Greek archétypon a model, pattern (neut. of archétypos of the first mold




parable  pronunciation [par-uh-buhcachel] Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson.
2. a statement or comment that conveys a meaning indirectly by the use of comparison, analogy, or the like.

[Origin: 1275–1325; Middle English parabil < LL parabola comparison, parable, word < Greek parabolcache comparison, equiv. to para- + bolcache a throwingcache]

ParableEaston's 1897 Bible Dictionary - Cite This Source - Share This

1)(Gr. parabole), a placing beside; a comparison; equivalent to the Heb. mashal, a similitude. In the Old Testament this is used to denote (1) a proverb (1 Sam. 10:12; 24:13; 2 Chr. 7:20), (2) a prophetic utterance (Num. 23:7; Ezek. 20:49), (3) an enigmatic saying (Ps. 78:2; Prov. 1:6). In the New Testament, (1) a proverb (Mark 7:17; Luke 4:23), (2) a typical emblem (Heb. 9:9; 11:19), (3) a similitude or allegory (Matt. 15:15; 24:32; Mark 3:23; Luke 5:36; 14:7); (4) ordinarily, in a more restricted sense, a comparison of earthly with heavenly things, "an earthly story with a heavenly meaning," as in the parables of our Lord. Instruction by parables has been in use from the earliest times. A large portion of our Lord's public teaching consisted of parables. He himself explains his reasons for this in his answer to the inquiry of the disciples, "Why speakest thou to them in parables?" (Matt. 13:13-15; Mark 4:11, 12; Luke 8:9, 10). He followed in so doing the rule of the divine procedures, as recorded in Matt. 13:13. The parables uttered by our Lord are all recorded in the synoptical (i.e., the first three) Gospels. The fourth Gospel contains no parable properly so called, although the illustration of the good shepherd (John 10:1-16) has all the essential features of a parable.

(See List of Parables in Appendix.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary



Transubstantiation Unabridged (v 1.1)
tran·sub·stan·ti·a·tion  Pronunciation   (trān'səb-stān'shē-ā'shən)   
  1. Conversion of one substance into another.
  2. In many Christian churches, the doctrine holding that the bread and wine of the Eucharist are transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, although their appearances remain the same.

[Origin: 1590–1600; < NL consubstantiātiōn- (s. of consubstantiātiō), equiv. to con- con- + (trans)substantiātiōn-


con·sub·stan·ti·a·tion [kon-suhcacheb-stan-shee-ey-shuhcachen]   
American Heritage Dictionary
 The doctrine, proposed by Martin Luther, that the substance of the body and blood of Jesus coexists with the substance of the bread and wine in the Eucharist.

[Origin: 1590–1600; < NL consubstantiātiōn- (s. of consubstantiātiō), equiv. to con- con- + (trans)substantiātiōn




Fear of the Lord - sometimes called "Wonder and Awe in God." This gift is described by Aquinas as a fear of separating oneself from God. He describes the gift as a "filial fear," like a child's fear of offending his father, rather than a "servile fear," that is, a fear of punishment.

(THAT IS the encyclopedia definition of the phrase or "Gift" and should be accepted, although my life's experience has come to understand it best  in a somewhat loser term; As in that of a Justified Fear Given by an ALL JUST yet Loving and Compassionate God, allowing a Sinner the Grace to finally "realize" the gravity of the offenses, and then, Lovingly, showing that Sinner a way (or path) to complete (reconciliation) and expiation  thereby forgoing the "Just Punishment Due" And giving the "Fatherly" reminder of something like .."Stay away from these sins in the Future for now you KNOW" and even to the point of asking "Why would You want to HURT ME and YOURSELF like this?".






WordNet® 3.0, © 2006 by Princeton University.

1.  a soft partly suppressed laugh 

1.  laugh quietly or with restraint [syn: chuckle] 





expiation Unabridged (v 1.1)
1 compensation for a wrong; "we were unable to get satisfaction from the local store" [syn: atonement] 
2.  the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)

EXPIATION Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary Guilt is said to be expiated when it is visited with punishment falling on a substitute. Expiation is made for our sins when they are punished not in ourselves but in another who consents to stand in our room. It is that by which reconciliation is effected. Sin is thus said to be "covered" by vicarious satisfaction. The cover or lid of the ark is termed in the LXX. hilasterion, that which covered or shut out the claims and demands of the law against t

he sins of God's people, whereby he became "propitious" to them. The idea of vicarious expiation runs through the whole Old Testament system of sacrifices.









FILIAL   [fil-ee-uhcachel]


of, pertaining to, or befitting a son or daughter: filial obedience.
2. noting or having the relation of a child to a parent.
3. Genetics. pertaining to the sequence of generations following the parental generation, each generation being designated by an F followed by a subscript number indicating its place in the sequence.




charisma    [kuh-riz-muh]

1. Theology. a divinely conferred gift or power.
2. a spiritual power or personal quality that gives an individual influence or authority over large numbers of people.
3. the special virtue of an office, function, position, etc., that confers or is thought to confer on the person holding it an unusual ability for leadership, worthiness of veneration, or the like.




conceive Pronunciation  (kən-sēv')  

American Heritage Dictionary
v.   con·ceived, con·ceiv·ing, con·ceives
  1. To become pregnant with (offspring).
  2. To form or develop in the mind; devise: conceive a plan to increase profits.
  3. To apprehend mentally; understand: couldn't conceive the meaning of that sentence.
  4. To be of the opinion that; think: didn't conceive such a tragedy could occur.
  5. To begin or originate in a specific way: a political movement conceived in the ferment of the 1960s.







incarnate    Pronunciation (ĭn-kär'nĭt)    

American Heritage Dictionary -
    1. Invested with bodily nature and form: an incarnate spirit.
    2. Embodied in human form; personified: a villain who is evil incarnate.
  2. Incarnadine.








American Heritage Dictionary

 decade Pronunciation (děk'ād', dě-kād')

  1. A period of ten years.
  2. A group or series of ten.



prophecy [prof-uh-see] Unabridged (v 1.1) 
1. the foretelling or prediction of what is to come.
2. something that is declared by a prophet, esp. a divinely inspired prediction, instruction, or exhortation.
3. a divinely inspired utterance or revelation: oracular prophecies.
4. the action, function, or faculty of a prophet.




bear [bair]

Dictionary .com Unabridged (v 1.1)

Pronunciation verb, bore or (Archaiccache) bare; borne or born; bear·ing.
–verb (used with object)
1. to hold up; support: to bear the weight of the roof.
2. to hold or remain firm under (a load): The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
3. to bring forth (young); give birth to: to bear a child.
4. to produce by natural growth: a tree that bears fruit.
5. to hold up under; be capable of: His claim doesn't bear close examination.





spouse  Pronunciation (spous, spouz)   

Online Etymology Dictionary -  
c.1200, "a married woman in relation to her husband" (also of men), from O.Fr. spus (fem. spuse), from L. sponsus "bridegroom" (fem. sponsa "bride"), from masc. and fem. pp. of spondere "to bind oneself, promise solemnly," from PIE *spend- "to make an offering, perform a rite" 


blessed Unabridged (v 1.1) (bles-id)
1. consecrated; sacred; holy; sanctified: the Blessed Sacrament.
2. worthy of adoration, reverence, or worship: the Blessed Trinity.
3. divinely or supremely favored; fortunate: to be blessed with a strong, healthy body; blessed with an ability to find friends.
4. blissfully happy or contented.
5. Roman Catholic Church. beatified.
6. bringing happiness and thankfulness: the blessed assurance of a steady income.

This is the only "commentary" to be made (at least for now)  to clarify any of these "Dictionary Explanations of Words"

In Explanation #(1)  of this definition of "Blessed" You will find, "Highlighted or made "Bold" those (2) words that best fit the "feeling" of the word usage "consecrated" or "holy" without being "Sacred" or "Sanctified". This has been done because Dictionary itself allows the the separating of the "choices" by its own usage of the "semicolon" (";")  and the Dictionary "Example" that has been used is that of the Blessed Sacrament or Eucharist is too closely related to THE GODHEAD. Otherwise the other choices of "sacred" or "sanctified" in certain aspects of "their own multiple meanings"  could fit the meaning of Blessed in the case of The Virgin Mary.

In Explanation #(2) You will find, "Highlighted or made "Bold" the (1) word and the phrase that fit the meaning, but NOT the 3rd word within the same declaration . This has been done, because the Dictionary itself allows it by the usage of the "commas" and the "or" within and separating the "choices" Prior to its own "Example" which in the case of declaration #(2)  is that of "the Blessed Trinity" and the third "choice" of "Worship" is only befitting the GODHEAD .....An attempt is being made here to make sure that no one is confused by  my thoughts... Thank You...

Self examination has been pondered as to; "Is it OK to "Adore" Mary Mother of Our Savior and Best Friend"?    It is thought to be OK to; "Adore My Wife" as well as  "Viola" the Mother of my best Earthly Friend Joe" so in that sense we can suppose it is OK to "Adore" The Blessed Virgin.

As well as is it OK to show "Reverence" to Mary?

We all do show "Reverence" to quite a number of Ministers and Priests and "they" are only Human also... so it is probably Ok to show that same or even greater "reverence" to Mary.....bottom line on that is, me thinks She had a Pretty Good Ministry.... 



consecrate [kon-si-kreyt] Unabridged (v 1.1)

–verb (used with object)
1. to make or declare sacred; set apart or dedicate to the service of a deity: to consecrate a new church building.
2. to make (something) an object of honor or veneration; hallow: a custom consecrated by time.
3. to devote or dedicate to some purpose: a life consecrated to science.
4. to admit or ordain to a sacred office, esp. to the episcopate.
5. to change (bread and wine) into the Eucharist.
6. consecrated; sacred.

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)The molecule that carries genetic information in all living systems (see genetic code). The DNA molecule is formed in the shape of a double helix from a great number of smaller molecules (see nucleotides). The workings of the DNA molecule provide the most fundamental explanation of the laws of genetics.

DNA acts in three important way. First, when a cell divides, the DNA uncoils, and each strand creates a new partner from the surrounding material — a process called replication. The two cells that result from the cell division have the same DNA as the original (see mitosis). Second, in sexual reproduction, each parent contributes one of the two strands in the DNA of the offspring. Third, inside the cell, the DNA governs the production of proteins and other molecules essential to cell function.

American Heritage New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition



malice  Pronunciation  (māl'ĭs)

Online Etymology Dictionary

1297, "desire to hurt another," from O.Fr. malice "ill will, spite," from L. malitia "badness, ill will, spite," from malus "bad" (see mal-). In legal use, "wrongful intent generally" (1547). Malicious (c.1225) is O.Fr. malicius "showing ill will," from L. maliciosus "full of malice," from malitia.



Christian   Pronunciation (krĭs'chən)
American Heritage Dictionary 

  1. Professing belief in Jesus as Christ or following the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
  2. Relating to or derived from Jesus or Jesus's teachings.
  3. Manifesting the qualities or spirit of Jesus; Christlike.
  4. Relating to or characteristic of Christianity or its adherents.
  5. Showing a loving concern for others; humane.

  1. One who professes belief in Jesus as Christ or follows the religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.
  2. One who lives according to the teachings of Jesus.

[Middle English Cristen, from Old English cristen, from Latin Chrīstiānus, from Chrīstus, Christ; see Christ.]




triune   [trahy-yoon] Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. three in one; constituting a trinity in unity, as the Godhead.
2. (initial capital lettercache) the Trinity.

[Origin: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < L ūnus onecache] Unabridged (v 1.1)
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2006.



discernment Unabridged (v 1.1)
dis·cern·ment  Pronunciation (dĭ-sûrn'mənt)
  1. The act or process of exhibiting keen insight and good judgment.
  2. Keenness of insight and judgment.
1.  the cognitive condition of someone who understands; "he has virtually no understanding of social cause and effect" [syn: understanding] 
2.  delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values); "arrogance and lack of taste contributed to his rapid success"; "to ask at that particular time was the ultimate in bad taste" [syn: taste] 
3.  perception of that which is obscure 
4.  the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations
5.  the trait of judging wisely and objectively; "a man of discernment"





humility  Pronunciation (hyōō-mĭl'ĭ-tē)  
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2001 Douglas Harper



a disposition to be humble; a lack of false pride; "not everyone regards humility as a virtue" 


a humble feeling; "he was filled with humility at the sight of the Pope" 

Humility Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary a prominent Christian grace (Rom. 12:3; 15:17, 18; 1 Cor. 3:5-7; 2 Cor. 3:5; Phil. 4:11-13). It is a state of mind well pleasing to God (1 Pet. 3:4); it preserves the soul in tranquility (Ps. 69:32, 33), and makes us patient under trials (Job 1:22). Christ has set us an example of humility (Phil. 2:6-8). We should be led thereto by a remembrance of our sins (Lam. 3:39), and by the thought that it is the way to honor (Prov. 16:18), and that the greatest promises are made to the humble (Ps. 147:6; Isa. 57:15; 66:2; 1 Pet. 5:5). It is a "great paradox in Christianity that it makes humility the avenue to glory."






scrupulous  )

scruples Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. having scruples; having or showing a strict regard for what one considers right; principled.
2. punctiliously or minutely careful, precise, or exact: a scrupulous performance.
1. conscientious, cautious, careful, circumspect. 2. exacting, rigorous. Scrupulous, punctilious imply abiding exactly by rules. Scrupulous implies conscientious carefulness in attending to details: scrupulous attention to details. Punctilious suggests strictness, preciseness, and rigidity, esp. in observance of social conventions.




novena    The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
Copyright © 2006 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
[Medieval Latin novēna, from feminine of Latin novēnus, nine each

1745, from M.L. novena, fem. of L. novenus "ninefold," from novem "nine."

1) Devotions consisting of special prayers or services on nine successive days.




meditate   med-i-teyt Unabridged (v 1.1)

–verb (used without object)
1. to engage in thought or contemplation; reflect.
2. to engage in transcendental meditation, devout religious contemplation, or quiescent spiritual introspection.
verb (used with object)
3. to consider as something to be done or effected; intend; purpose: to meditate revenge.

[Origin: 1550–60; < L meditātus, ptp. of meditārī to meditate, contemplate, plancache]




emphasis   Pronunciation [em-fuh-sis] Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. special stress laid upon, or importance attached to, anything: The president's statement gave emphasis to the budgetary crisis.
2. something that is given great stress or importance: Morality was the emphasis of his speech.
3. Rhetoric.
a. special and significant stress of voice laid on particular words or syllables.
b. stress laid on particular words, by means of position, repetition, or other indication.
4. intensity or force of expression, action, etc.: Determination lent emphasis to his proposals.
5. prominence, as of form or outline: The background detracts from the emphasis of the figure.



finite  Pronunciation [fahy-nahyt] Unabridged (v 1.1)
1. having bounds or limits; not infinite; measurable.
2. Mathematics.
a. (of a set of elements) capable of being completely counted.
b. not infinite or infinitesimal.
c. not zero.
3. subject to limitations or conditions, as of space, time, circumstances, or the laws of nature: man's finite existence on earth.
4. something that is finite.

[Origin: 1375–1425; late ME < L fīnītus, ptp. of fīnīre to stop, limit.


dominion   [duh-min-yuhcachen] Unabridged (v 1.1)

1. the power or right of governing and controlling; sovereign authority.
2. rule; control; domination.
3. a territory, usually of considerable size, in which a single rulership holds sway.
4. lands or domains subject to sovereignty or control.
5. Government. a territory constituting a self-governing commonwealth and being one of a number of such territories united in a community of nations, or empire: formerly applied to self-governing divisions of the British Empire, as Canada and New Zealand.




1) The reasoning  to all of this is that, in our English Language, many words have multiple meanings.

The Meaning (of the word or actual Bible verses) in which these words or phrases have been used, are in bold on the explanation page, in an attempt to keep confusion or misinterpretation  to a minimum.

It is my prayer that the Holy Spirit will Guide all of us to a more tolerant understanding of each other when we are using the interpretation that was meant.

2) Throughout this entire Site you will find these "words in Blue" .. they are known as Hyperlinks and are placed there to take you to another area, that will help further define the idea, word, or concept being viewed at the time.

3) Move your cursor over the blue letters ... and little hand will show up, "left click" on it, and away you go...(which is what you must have done to get here) 

4) Some links will Open in another Window (as this one did) if the information is something that is may be needed to help complete that which is being viewed at the time.  ( such as costs, ordering or a word or Verse that had to be "look up" to satisfy a correct definition  ) and or, that You don't lose your place on the previous page ... and you can easily click on the (X) in the upper right corner of that "Window" to close that page.

5) Others will take You to another page in the same window (if it is an entirely new subject matter you are headed for) and you can use the "browser back button" in the upper left portion of that window or go to the bottom of each page to navigate to any other page. Follow the instructions in paragraphs (4) or (5) or use THE LINKS BELOW TO LEAVE THIS PAGE 





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